FEEDING THE KITTEN
The first year is the most important for a kitten. His development is determined in those fifty-two weeks. This first year is
critical because during that time he grows from infancy through the equivalent of childhood and then on to young
adulthood. That's why it is especially important to feed a high quality food to your kitten. The best nutrition possible is
needed to build strong bones, good muscles, a well-developed nervous system, and provide the energy needed during
that first year.
The kitten's normal weight practically triples during his first three weeks of life. In his first 20 weeks, a kitten can have a
2,000 percent increase over his birth weight. At 26 weeks, the visible growth rate starts to level off, and he may look like an
adult cat. However, the kitten continues to develop inside-his bones become stronger and his body fills out-until he is one
Extensive studies show that a kitten rapid growth and high energy level require food that will give him extra nutrition and
calories. And since he has a small stomach, it's difficult just to eat more food to get the needed calories. The kitten's
correct development requires protein, calcium, iron, phosphorous, and many other nutrients as part of a complete and
balanced diet. It is important to use a food specially formulated for kittens. Kittens, like babies, need their own special food.
Supplementation of the food often upsets the nutrient balance. Too much of anything can be harmful, and often leads to
other health problems. Do not feed additional supplements unless your veterinarian recommends it.
WHAT ABOUT LABELS? Everyone is more conscious these days of package content labels because we know that proper
nutrition is so important to leading a healthy life. That is why you should read the label on your kitten's food. It provides a
guaranteed nutrient analysis and ingredient list. It states the minimum levels of crude fat and protein and the maximum
amounts of crude fiber and moisture.
The label should indicate whether the product provides complete and balanced nutrition and is adequate for all life stages
or for just a particular life stage, such as "kitten" or "adult." The label should indicate if the product has undergone actual
feeding studies. If the pet food does not provide complete and balanced nutrition, the label must read, "not to be fed as a
sole diet," or words with similar meaning.
· Place your kitten's food and water dishes away from foot traffic and noise, in a place, which is comfortable and easy for
him to reach. Putting newspapers or a plastic mat under the dishes will make cleanup easier. Feed in the same place all
the time. Do NOT change the location unless absolutely necessary.
· Always keep clean, fresh water available. Change the food and water daily. Keep food and water dishes clean.
· Establish a routine so that your kitten is fed at the same time every day. Give him three (3) meals a day, if at all possible
until he is six (6) months old. At 6 months, your kitten will closely resemble adult size, but don't be misled. He still needs to
do a lot of growing up and filling out. Now he can be fed only twice (2) daily, but be sure to continue the kitten diet until one
year of age.
· It is acceptable to feed only dry food during the first few months if it is softened with water. However, it is also acceptable to
feed either canned food or a mixture of both.
· By the time he is seven (7) months old, most of your kitten's permanent teeth should have grown in. One of the
advantages of feeding dry food, apart from the convenience, is that dry food can help decrease the rate of tartar
accumulation on the teeth.
· Do not worry if your kitten's appetite decreases slightly between the ages of four (4) and seven (7) months. As he loses his
baby teeth, he may eat a little less because his gums are sore.
· For a proper feeding program, use only high quality commercial foods and follow the package directions for the amounts
recommended for the various age levels.
· Make any changes in foods gradually by mixing the old and new food over a 7-10 day period to avoid gastrointestinal
upsets. Cats do NOT require a variable diet, and the fewest problems occur when the same food is fed all the time.
What not to feed your kitten:
· Table scraps
· Puppy or dog food
· Foods known to cause health problems, such as chocolate, onions, etc.
When in doubt, ask your veterinarian for the best answers to anything you want to know about nutrition for you pet.
Check out Hills Feline Science Diets